License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC BY 3.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2019.14
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-108368
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Chattopadhyay, Arkadev ; Lovett, Shachar ; Vinyals, Marc

Equality Alone Does not Simulate Randomness

LIPIcs-CCC-2019-14.pdf (0.5 MB)


The canonical problem that gives an exponential separation between deterministic and randomized communication complexity in the classical two-party communication model is "Equality". In this work we show that even allowing access to an "Equality" oracle, deterministic protocols remain exponentially weaker than randomized ones. More precisely, we exhibit a total function on n bits with randomized one-sided communication complexity O(log n), but such that every deterministic protocol with access to "Equality" oracle needs Omega(n) cost to compute it.
Additionally we exhibit a natural and strict infinite hierarchy within BPP, starting with the class P^{EQ} at its bottom.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Arkadev Chattopadhyay and Shachar Lovett and Marc Vinyals},
  title =	{{Equality Alone Does not Simulate Randomness}},
  booktitle =	{34th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2019)},
  pages =	{14:1--14:11},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-116-0},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{137},
  editor =	{Amir Shpilka},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-108368},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2019.14},
  annote =	{Keywords: Communication lower bound, derandomization}

Keywords: Communication lower bound, derandomization
Collection: 34th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2019)
Issue Date: 2019
Date of publication: 16.07.2019

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