License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC BY 3.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2019.9
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-111300
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Apers, Simon

Quantum Walk Sampling by Growing Seed Sets

LIPIcs-ESA-2019-9.pdf (0.5 MB)


This work describes a new algorithm for creating a superposition over the edge set of a graph, encoding a quantum sample of the random walk stationary distribution. The algorithm requires a number of quantum walk steps scaling as O~(m^(1/3) delta^(-1/3)), with m the number of edges and delta the random walk spectral gap. This improves on existing strategies by initially growing a classical seed set in the graph, from which a quantum walk is then run.
The algorithm leads to a number of improvements: (i) it provides a new bound on the setup cost of quantum walk search algorithms, (ii) it yields a new algorithm for st-connectivity, and (iii) it allows to create a superposition over the isomorphisms of an n-node graph in time O~(2^(n/3)), surpassing the Omega(2^(n/2)) barrier set by index erasure.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Simon Apers},
  title =	{{Quantum Walk Sampling by Growing Seed Sets}},
  booktitle =	{27th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2019)},
  pages =	{9:1--9:12},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-124-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{144},
  editor =	{Michael A. Bender and Ola Svensson and Grzegorz Herman},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-111300},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2019.9},
  annote =	{Keywords: Quantum algorithms, Quantum walks, Connectivity, Graph theory}

Keywords: Quantum algorithms, Quantum walks, Connectivity, Graph theory
Collection: 27th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2019)
Issue Date: 2019
Date of publication: 06.09.2019

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