License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC BY 3.0)
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DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.SWAT.2020.7
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-122540
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Arkin, Esther M. ; Sahneh, Faryad Darabi ; Efrat, Alon ; Frank, Fabian ; Fulek, Radoslav ; Kobourov, Stephen ; Mitchell, Joseph S. B.

Computing β-Stretch Paths in Drawings of Graphs

LIPIcs-SWAT-2020-7.pdf (0.8 MB)


Let f be a drawing in the Euclidean plane of a graph G, which is understood to be a 1-dimensional simplicial complex. We assume that every edge of G is drawn by f as a curve of constant algebraic complexity, and the ratio of the length of the longest simple path to the the length of the shortest edge is poly(n). In the drawing f, a path P of G, or its image in the drawing π=f(P), is β-stretch if π is a simple (non-self-intersecting) curve, and for every pair of distinct points p∈P and q∈P, the length of the sub-curve of π connecting f(p) with f(q) is at most β||f(p)-f(q)‖, where ‖.‖ denotes the Euclidean distance. We introduce and study the β-stretch Path Problem (βSP for short), in which we are given a pair of vertices s and t of G, and we are to decide whether in the given drawing of G there exists a β-stretch path P connecting s and t. The βSP also asks that we output P if it exists.
The βSP quantifies a notion of "near straightness" for paths in a graph G, motivated by gerrymandering regions in a map, where edges of G represent natural geographical/political boundaries that may be chosen to bound election districts. The notion of a β-stretch path naturally extends to cycles, and the extension gives a measure of how gerrymandered a district is. Furthermore, we show that the extension is closely related to several studied measures of local fatness of geometric shapes.
We prove that βSP is strongly NP-complete. We complement this result by giving a quasi-polynomial time algorithm, that for a given ε>0, β∈O(poly(log |V(G)|)), and s,t∈V(G), outputs a β-stretch path between s and t, if a (1-ε)β-stretch path between s and t exists in the drawing.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Esther M. Arkin and Faryad Darabi Sahneh and Alon Efrat and Fabian Frank and Radoslav Fulek and Stephen Kobourov and Joseph S. B. Mitchell},
  title =	{{Computing β-Stretch Paths in Drawings of Graphs}},
  booktitle =	{17th Scandinavian Symposium and Workshops on Algorithm Theory (SWAT 2020)},
  pages =	{7:1--7:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-150-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{162},
  editor =	{Susanne Albers},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-122540},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.SWAT.2020.7},
  annote =	{Keywords: stretch factor, dilation, geometric spanners}

Keywords: stretch factor, dilation, geometric spanners
Collection: 17th Scandinavian Symposium and Workshops on Algorithm Theory (SWAT 2020)
Issue Date: 2020
Date of publication: 12.06.2020

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