License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC BY 3.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ECOOP.2020.9
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-131662
Go to the corresponding LIPIcs Volume Portal

Imai, Keigo ; Neykova, Rumyana ; Yoshida, Nobuko ; Yuen, Shoji

Multiparty Session Programming With Global Protocol Combinators

LIPIcs-ECOOP-2020-9.pdf (0.9 MB)


Multiparty Session Types (MPST) is a typing discipline for communication protocols. It ensures the absence of communication errors and deadlocks for well-typed communicating processes. The state-of-the-art implementations of the MPST theory rely on (1) runtime linearity checks to ensure correct usage of communication channels and (2) external domain-specific languages for specifying and verifying multiparty protocols.
To overcome these limitations, we propose a library for programming with global combinators - a set of functions for writing and verifying multiparty protocols in OCaml. Local behaviours for all processes in a protocol are inferred at once from a global combinator. We formalise global combinators and prove a sound realisability of global combinators - a well-typed global combinator derives a set of local types, by which typed endpoint programs can ensure type and communication safety. Our approach enables fully-static verification and implementation of the whole protocol, from the protocol specification to the process implementations, to happen in the same language.
We compare our implementation to untyped and continuation-passing style implementations, and demonstrate its expressiveness by implementing a plethora of protocols. We show our library can interoperate with existing libraries and services, implementing DNS (Domain Name Service) protocol and the OAuth (Open Authentication) protocol.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Keigo Imai and Rumyana Neykova and Nobuko Yoshida and Shoji Yuen},
  title =	{{Multiparty Session Programming With Global Protocol Combinators}},
  booktitle =	{34th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2020)},
  pages =	{9:1--9:30},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-154-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{166},
  editor =	{Robert Hirschfeld and Tobias Pape},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-131662},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ECOOP.2020.9},
  annote =	{Keywords: Multiparty Session Types, Communication Protocol, Concurrent and Distributed Programming, OCaml}

Keywords: Multiparty Session Types, Communication Protocol, Concurrent and Distributed Programming, OCaml
Collection: 34th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2020)
Issue Date: 2020
Date of publication: 06.11.2020
Supplementary Material: ECOOP 2020 Artifact Evaluation approved artifact available at A source code repository for the accompanying artifact is available at

DROPS-Home | Fulltext Search | Imprint | Privacy Published by LZI