License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2021.12
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-145933
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Bender, Michael A. ; Kopelowitz, Tsvi ; Kuszmaul, William ; Porat, Ely ; Stein, Clifford

Incremental Edge Orientation in Forests

LIPIcs-ESA-2021-12.pdf (0.7 MB)


For any forest G = (V, E) it is possible to orient the edges E so that no vertex in V has out-degree greater than 1. This paper considers the incremental edge-orientation problem, in which the edges E arrive over time and the algorithm must maintain a low-out-degree edge orientation at all times. We give an algorithm that maintains a maximum out-degree of 3 while flipping at most O(log log n) edge orientations per edge insertion, with high probability in n. The algorithm requires worst-case time O(log n log log n) per insertion, and takes amortized time O(1). The previous state of the art required up to O(log n / log log n) edge flips per insertion.
We then apply our edge-orientation results to the problem of dynamic Cuckoo hashing. The problem of designing simple families ℋ of hash functions that are compatible with Cuckoo hashing has received extensive attention. These families ℋ are known to satisfy static guarantees, but do not come typically with dynamic guarantees for the running time of inserts and deletes. We show how to transform static guarantees (for 1-associativity) into near-state-of-the-art dynamic guarantees (for O(1)-associativity) in a black-box fashion. Rather than relying on the family ℋ to supply randomness, as in past work, we instead rely on randomness within our table-maintenance algorithm.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Bender, Michael A. and Kopelowitz, Tsvi and Kuszmaul, William and Porat, Ely and Stein, Clifford},
  title =	{{Incremental Edge Orientation in Forests}},
  booktitle =	{29th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2021)},
  pages =	{12:1--12:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-204-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{204},
  editor =	{Mutzel, Petra and Pagh, Rasmus and Herman, Grzegorz},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-145933},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2021.12},
  annote =	{Keywords: edge orientation, graph algorithms, Cuckoo hashing, hash functions}

Keywords: edge orientation, graph algorithms, Cuckoo hashing, hash functions
Collection: 29th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2021)
Issue Date: 2021
Date of publication: 31.08.2021

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