License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2021.19
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-154528
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Bhore, Sujoy ; Li, Guangping ; Nöllenburg, Martin ; Rutter, Ignaz ; Wu, Hsiang-Yun

Untangling Circular Drawings: Algorithms and Complexity

LIPIcs-ISAAC-2021-19.pdf (1 MB)


We consider the problem of untangling a given (non-planar) straight-line circular drawing δ_G of an outerplanar graph G = (V,E) into a planar straight-line circular drawing by shifting a minimum number of vertices to a new position on the circle. For an outerplanar graph G, it is clear that such a crossing-free circular drawing always exists and we define the circular shifting number shift°(δ_G) as the minimum number of vertices that need to be shifted to resolve all crossings of δ_G. We show that the problem Circular Untangling, asking whether shift°(δ_G) ≤ K for a given integer K, is NP-complete. Based on this result we study Circular Untangling for almost-planar circular drawings, in which a single edge is involved in all the crossings. In this case we provide a tight upper bound shift°(δ_G) ≤ ⌊n/2⌋-1, where n is the number of vertices in G, and present a polynomial-time algorithm to compute the circular shifting number of almost-planar drawings.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Bhore, Sujoy and Li, Guangping and N\"{o}llenburg, Martin and Rutter, Ignaz and Wu, Hsiang-Yun},
  title =	{{Untangling Circular Drawings: Algorithms and Complexity}},
  booktitle =	{32nd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2021)},
  pages =	{19:1--19:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-214-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{212},
  editor =	{Ahn, Hee-Kap and Sadakane, Kunihiko},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-154528},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2021.19},
  annote =	{Keywords: graph drawing, straight-line drawing, outerplanarity, NP-hardness, untangling}

Keywords: graph drawing, straight-line drawing, outerplanarity, NP-hardness, untangling
Collection: 32nd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2021)
Issue Date: 2021
Date of publication: 30.11.2021

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