License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.SAND.2022.6
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-159482
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Alaniz, Robert M. ; Caballero, David ; Cirlos, Sonya C. ; Gomez, Timothy ; Grizzell, Elise ; Rodriguez, Andrew ; Schweller, Robert ; Tenorio, Armando ; Wylie, Tim

Building Squares with Optimal State Complexity in Restricted Active Self-Assembly

LIPIcs-SAND-2022-6.pdf (0.9 MB)


Tile Automata is a recently defined model of self-assembly that borrows many concepts from cellular automata to create active self-assembling systems where changes may be occurring within an assembly without requiring attachment. This model has been shown to be powerful, but many fundamental questions have yet to be explored. Here, we study the state complexity of assembling n × n squares in seeded Tile Automata systems where growth starts from a seed and tiles may attach one at a time, similar to the abstract Tile Assembly Model. We provide optimal bounds for three classes of seeded Tile Automata systems (all without detachment), which vary in the amount of complexity allowed in the transition rules. We show that, in general, seeded Tile Automata systems require Θ(log^{1/4} n) states. For Single-Transition systems, where only one state may change in a transition rule, we show a bound of Θ(log^{1/3} n), and for deterministic systems, where each pair of states may only have one associated transition rule, a bound of Θ(({log n}/{log log n})^{1/2}).

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Alaniz, Robert M. and Caballero, David and Cirlos, Sonya C. and Gomez, Timothy and Grizzell, Elise and Rodriguez, Andrew and Schweller, Robert and Tenorio, Armando and Wylie, Tim},
  title =	{{Building Squares with Optimal State Complexity in Restricted Active Self-Assembly}},
  booktitle =	{1st Symposium on Algorithmic Foundations of Dynamic Networks (SAND 2022)},
  pages =	{6:1--6:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-224-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{221},
  editor =	{Aspnes, James and Michail, Othon},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-159482},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.SAND.2022.6},
  annote =	{Keywords: Active Self-Assembly, State Complexity, Tile Automata}

Keywords: Active Self-Assembly, State Complexity, Tile Automata
Collection: 1st Symposium on Algorithmic Foundations of Dynamic Networks (SAND 2022)
Issue Date: 2022
Date of publication: 29.04.2022
Supplementary Material: Software (Source Code): archived at:

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