License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.SAT.2022.1
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-166752
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Anders, Markus

SAT Preprocessors and Symmetry

LIPIcs-SAT-2022-1.pdf (0.7 MB)


Exploitation of symmetries is an indispensable approach to solve certain classes of difficult SAT instances. Numerous techniques for the use of symmetry in SAT have evolved over the past few decades. But no matter how symmetries are used precisely, they have to be detected first. We investigate how to detect more symmetry, faster. The initial idea is to reap the benefits of SAT preprocessing for symmetry detection. As it turns out, applying an off-the-shelf preprocessor before handling symmetry runs into problems: the preprocessor can haphazardly remove symmetry from formulas, severely impeding symmetry exploitation.
Our main contribution is a theoretical framework that captures the relationship of SAT preprocessing techniques and symmetry. Based on this, we create a symmetry-aware preprocessor that can be applied safely before handling symmetry. We then demonstrate that applying the preprocessor does not only substantially decrease symmetry detection and breaking times, but also uncovers hidden symmetry not detectable in the original instances. Overall, we depart the conventional view of treating symmetry detection as a black-box, presenting a new application-specific approach to symmetry detection in SAT.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Anders, Markus},
  title =	{{SAT Preprocessors and Symmetry}},
  booktitle =	{25th International Conference on Theory and Applications of Satisfiability Testing (SAT 2022)},
  pages =	{1:1--1:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-242-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{236},
  editor =	{Meel, Kuldeep S. and Strichman, Ofer},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-166752},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.SAT.2022.1},
  annote =	{Keywords: boolean satisfiability, symmetry exploitation, graph isomorphism}

Keywords: boolean satisfiability, symmetry exploitation, graph isomorphism
Collection: 25th International Conference on Theory and Applications of Satisfiability Testing (SAT 2022)
Issue Date: 2022
Date of publication: 28.07.2022

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