License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2022.51
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-171733
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Elkin, Michael ; Trehan, Chhaya

(1+ε)-Approximate Shortest Paths in Dynamic Streams

LIPIcs-APPROX51.pdf (0.9 MB)


Computing approximate shortest paths in the dynamic streaming setting is a fundamental challenge that has been intensively studied. Currently existing solutions for this problem either build a sparse multiplicative spanner of the input graph and compute shortest paths in the spanner offline, or compute an exact single source BFS tree. Solutions of the first type are doomed to incur a stretch-space tradeoff of 2κ-1 versus n^{1+1/κ}, for an integer parameter κ. (In fact, existing solutions also incur an extra factor of 1+ε in the stretch for weighted graphs, and an additional factor of log^{O(1)}n in the space.) The only existing solution of the second type uses n^{1/2 - O(1/κ)} passes over the stream (for space O(n^{1+1/κ})), and applies only to unweighted graphs.
In this paper we show that (1+ε)-approximate single-source shortest paths can be computed with Õ(n^{1+1/κ}) space using just constantly many passes in unweighted graphs, and polylogarithmically many passes in weighted graphs. Moreover, the same result applies for multi-source shortest paths, as long as the number of sources is O(n^{1/κ}). We achieve these results by devising efficient dynamic streaming constructions of (1 + ε, β)-spanners and hopsets.
On our way to these results, we also devise a new dynamic streaming algorithm for the 1-sparse recovery problem. Even though our algorithm for this task is slightly inferior to the existing algorithms of [S. Ganguly, 2007; Graham Cormode and D. Firmani, 2013], we believe that it is of independent interest.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Elkin, Michael and Trehan, Chhaya},
  title =	{{(1+\epsilon)-Approximate Shortest Paths in Dynamic Streams}},
  booktitle =	{Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2022)},
  pages =	{51:1--51:23},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-249-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{245},
  editor =	{Chakrabarti, Amit and Swamy, Chaitanya},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-171733},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2022.51},
  annote =	{Keywords: Shortest Paths, Dynamic Streams, Approximate Distances, Spanners, Hopsets}

Keywords: Shortest Paths, Dynamic Streams, Approximate Distances, Spanners, Hopsets
Collection: Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2022)
Issue Date: 2022
Date of publication: 15.09.2022

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