License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2023.22
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-182928
Go to the corresponding LIPIcs Volume Portal

Natarajan, Anand ; Nirkhe, Chinmay

A Distribution Testing Oracle Separating QMA and QCMA

LIPIcs-CCC-2023-22.pdf (1.0 MB)


It is a long-standing open question in quantum complexity theory whether the definition of non-deterministic quantum computation requires quantum witnesses (QMA) or if classical witnesses suffice (QCMA). We make progress on this question by constructing a randomized classical oracle separating the respective computational complexity classes. Previous separations [Aaronson and Kuperberg, 2007; Bill Fefferman and Shelby Kimmel, 2018] required a quantum unitary oracle. The separating problem is deciding whether a distribution supported on regular un-directed graphs either consists of multiple connected components (yes instances) or consists of one expanding connected component (no instances) where the graph is given in an adjacency-list format by the oracle. Therefore, the oracle is a distribution over n-bit boolean functions.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Natarajan, Anand and Nirkhe, Chinmay},
  title =	{{A Distribution Testing Oracle Separating QMA and QCMA}},
  booktitle =	{38th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2023)},
  pages =	{22:1--22:27},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-282-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{264},
  editor =	{Ta-Shma, Amnon},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-182928},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2023.22},
  annote =	{Keywords: quantum non-determinism, complexity theory}

Keywords: quantum non-determinism, complexity theory
Collection: 38th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2023)
Issue Date: 2023
Date of publication: 10.07.2023

DROPS-Home | Fulltext Search | Imprint | Privacy Published by LZI