License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2023.8
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-185420
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Ağaoğlu Çağırıcı, Deniz ; Çağırıcı, Onur ; Derbisz, Jan ; Hartmann, Tim A. ; Hliněný, Petr ; Kratochvíl, Jan ; Krawczyk, Tomasz ; Zeman, Peter

Recognizing H-Graphs - Beyond Circular-Arc Graphs

LIPIcs-MFCS-2023-8.pdf (0.8 MB)


In 1992 Biró, Hujter and Tuza introduced, for every fixed connected graph H, the class of H-graphs, defined as the intersection graphs of connected subgraphs of some subdivision of H. Such classes of graphs are related to many known graph classes: for example, K₂-graphs coincide with interval graphs, K₃-graphs with circular-arc graphs, the union of T-graphs, where T ranges over all trees, coincides with chordal graphs. Recently, quite a lot of research has been devoted to understanding the tractability border for various computational problems, such as recognition or isomorphism testing, in classes of H-graphs for different graphs H.
In this work we undertake this research topic, focusing on the recognition problem. Chaplick, Töpfer, Voborník, and Zeman showed an XP-algorithm testing whether a given graph is a T-graph, where the parameter is the size of the tree T. In particular, for every fixed tree T the recognition of T-graphs can be solved in polynomial time. Tucker showed a polynomial time algorithm recognizing K₃-graphs (circular-arc graphs). On the other hand, Chaplick et al. showed also that for every fixed graph H containing two distinct cycles sharing an edge, the recognition of H-graphs is NP-hard.
The main two results of this work narrow the gap between the NP-hard and ? cases of H-graph recognition. First, we show that the recognition of H-graphs is NP-hard when H contains two distinct cycles. On the other hand, we show a polynomial-time algorithm recognizing L-graphs, where L is a graph containing a cycle and an edge attached to it (which we call lollipop graphs). Our work leaves open the recognition problems of M-graphs for every unicyclic graph M different from a cycle and a lollipop.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{A\u{g}ao\u{g}lu \c{C}a\u{g}{\i}r{\i}c{\i}, Deniz and \c{C}a\u{g}{\i}r{\i}c{\i}, Onur and Derbisz, Jan and Hartmann, Tim A. and Hlin\v{e}n\'{y}, Petr and Kratochv{\'\i}l, Jan and Krawczyk, Tomasz and Zeman, Peter},
  title =	{{Recognizing H-Graphs - Beyond Circular-Arc Graphs}},
  booktitle =	{48th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2023)},
  pages =	{8:1--8:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-292-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{272},
  editor =	{Leroux, J\'{e}r\^{o}me and Lombardy, Sylvain and Peleg, David},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-185420},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2023.8},
  annote =	{Keywords: H-graphs, Intersection Graphs, Helly Property}

Keywords: H-graphs, Intersection Graphs, Helly Property
Collection: 48th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2023)
Issue Date: 2023
Date of publication: 21.08.2023

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