License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.10
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-186636
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Apers, Simon ; Jeffery, Stacey ; Pass, Galina ; Walter, Michael

(No) Quantum Space-Time Tradeoff for USTCON

LIPIcs-ESA-2023-10.pdf (0.9 MB)


Undirected st-connectivity is important both for its applications in network problems, and for its theoretical connections with logspace complexity. Classically, a long line of work led to a time-space tradeoff of T = Õ(n²/S) for any S such that S = Ω(log(n)) and S = O(n²/m). Surprisingly, we show that quantumly there is no nontrivial time-space tradeoff: there is a quantum algorithm that achieves both optimal time Õ(n) and space O(log(n)) simultaneously. This improves on previous results, which required either O(log(n)) space and Õ(n^{1.5}) time, or Õ(n) space and time. To complement this, we show that there is a nontrivial time-space tradeoff when given a lower bound on the spectral gap of a corresponding random walk.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Apers, Simon and Jeffery, Stacey and Pass, Galina and Walter, Michael},
  title =	{{(No) Quantum Space-Time Tradeoff for USTCON}},
  booktitle =	{31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)},
  pages =	{10:1--10:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-295-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{274},
  editor =	{G{\o}rtz, Inge Li and Farach-Colton, Martin and Puglisi, Simon J. and Herman, Grzegorz},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-186636},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.10},
  annote =	{Keywords: Undirected st-connectivity, quantum walks, time-space tradeoff}

Keywords: Undirected st-connectivity, quantum walks, time-space tradeoff
Collection: 31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)
Issue Date: 2023
Date of publication: 30.08.2023

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