License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.26
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-186796
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Buchin, Kevin ; Gudmundsson, Joachim ; Kalb, Antonia ; Popov, Aleksandr ; Rehs, Carolin ; van Renssen, André ; Wong, Sampson

Oriented Spanners

LIPIcs-ESA-2023-26.pdf (0.8 MB)


Given a point set P in the Euclidean plane and a parameter t, we define an oriented t-spanner as an oriented subgraph of the complete bi-directed graph such that for every pair of points, the shortest cycle in G through those points is at most a factor t longer than the shortest oriented cycle in the complete bi-directed graph. We investigate the problem of computing sparse graphs with small oriented dilation.
As we can show that minimising oriented dilation for a given number of edges is NP-hard in the plane, we first consider one-dimensional point sets. While obtaining a 1-spanner in this setting is straightforward, already for five points such a spanner has no plane embedding with the leftmost and rightmost point on the outer face. This leads to restricting to oriented graphs with a one-page book embedding on the one-dimensional point set. For this case we present a dynamic program to compute the graph of minimum oriented dilation that runs in ?(n⁸) time for n points, and a greedy algorithm that computes a 5-spanner in ?(nlog n) time.
Expanding these results finally gives us a result for two-dimensional point sets: we prove that for convex point sets the greedy triangulation results in an oriented ?(1)-spanner.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Buchin, Kevin and Gudmundsson, Joachim and Kalb, Antonia and Popov, Aleksandr and Rehs, Carolin and van Renssen, Andr\'{e} and Wong, Sampson},
  title =	{{Oriented Spanners}},
  booktitle =	{31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)},
  pages =	{26:1--26:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-295-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{274},
  editor =	{G{\o}rtz, Inge Li and Farach-Colton, Martin and Puglisi, Simon J. and Herman, Grzegorz},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-186796},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.26},
  annote =	{Keywords: computational geometry, spanner, oriented graph, greedy triangulation}

Keywords: computational geometry, spanner, oriented graph, greedy triangulation
Collection: 31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)
Issue Date: 2023
Date of publication: 30.08.2023

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