License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.71
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-187247
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Klingelhoefer, Felix ; Newman, Alantha

Coloring Tournaments with Few Colors: Algorithms and Complexity

LIPIcs-ESA-2023-71.pdf (0.7 MB)


A k-coloring of a tournament is a partition of its vertices into k acyclic sets. Deciding if a tournament is 2-colorable is NP-hard. A natural problem, akin to that of coloring a 3-colorable graph with few colors, is to color a 2-colorable tournament with few colors. This problem does not seem to have been addressed before, although it is a special case of coloring a 2-colorable 3-uniform hypergraph with few colors, which is a well-studied problem with super-constant lower bounds.
We present an efficient decomposition lemma for tournaments and show that it can be used to design polynomial-time algorithms to color various classes of tournaments with few colors, including an algorithm to color a 2-colorable tournament with ten colors. For the classes of tournaments considered, we complement our upper bounds with strengthened lower bounds, painting a comprehensive picture of the algorithmic and complexity aspects of coloring tournaments.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Klingelhoefer, Felix and Newman, Alantha},
  title =	{{Coloring Tournaments with Few Colors: Algorithms and Complexity}},
  booktitle =	{31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)},
  pages =	{71:1--71:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-295-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{274},
  editor =	{G{\o}rtz, Inge Li and Farach-Colton, Martin and Puglisi, Simon J. and Herman, Grzegorz},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-187247},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.71},
  annote =	{Keywords: Tournaments, Graph Coloring, Algorithms, Complexity}

Keywords: Tournaments, Graph Coloring, Algorithms, Complexity
Collection: 31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)
Issue Date: 2023
Date of publication: 30.08.2023

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