License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.101
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-187544
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Wang, Haitao ; Zhao, Yiming

Improved Algorithms for Distance Selection and Related Problems

LIPIcs-ESA-2023-101.pdf (0.7 MB)


In this paper, we propose new techniques for solving geometric optimization problems involving interpoint distances of a point set in the plane. Given a set P of n points in the plane and an integer 1 ≤ k ≤ binom(n,2), the distance selection problem is to find the k-th smallest interpoint distance among all pairs of points of P. The previously best deterministic algorithm solves the problem in O(n^{4/3} log² n) time [Katz and Sharir, 1997]. In this paper, we improve their algorithm to O(n^{4/3} log n) time. Using similar techniques, we also give improved algorithms on both the two-sided and the one-sided discrete Fréchet distance with shortcuts problem for two point sets in the plane. For the two-sided problem (resp., one-sided problem), we improve the previous work [Avraham, Filtser, Kaplan, Katz, and Sharir, 2015] by a factor of roughly log²(m+n) (resp., (m+n)^ε), where m and n are the sizes of the two input point sets, respectively. Other problems whose solutions can be improved by our techniques include the reverse shortest path problems for unit-disk graphs. Our techniques are quite general and we believe they will find many other applications in future.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Wang, Haitao and Zhao, Yiming},
  title =	{{Improved Algorithms for Distance Selection and Related Problems}},
  booktitle =	{31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)},
  pages =	{101:1--101:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-295-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{274},
  editor =	{G{\o}rtz, Inge Li and Farach-Colton, Martin and Puglisi, Simon J. and Herman, Grzegorz},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-187544},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2023.101},
  annote =	{Keywords: Geometric optimization, distance selection, Fr\'{e}chet distance, range searching}

Keywords: Geometric optimization, distance selection, Fréchet distance, range searching
Collection: 31st Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2023)
Issue Date: 2023
Date of publication: 30.08.2023

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