License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC BY 3.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ECOOP.2017.26
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-72737
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Vollmer, Michael ; Spall, Sarah ; Chamith, Buddhika ; Sakka, Laith ; Koparkar, Chaitanya ; Kulkarni, Milind ; Tobin-Hochstadt, Sam ; Newton, Ryan R.

Compiling Tree Transforms to Operate on Packed Representations

LIPIcs-ECOOP-2017-26.pdf (0.7 MB)


When written idiomatically in most programming languages, programs
that traverse and construct trees operate over pointer-based data
structures, using one heap object per-leaf and per-node. This
representation is efficient for random access and shape-changing
modifications, but for traversals, such as compiler passes, that
process most or all of a tree in bulk, it can be inefficient. In this
work we instead compile tree traversals to operate on
pointer-free pre-order serializations of trees. On modern
architectures such programs often run significantly faster than
their pointer-based counterparts, and additionally are directly suited
to storage and transmission without requiring marshaling.

We present a prototype compiler, Gibbon, that compiles a
small first-order, purely functional language sufficient for tree
traversals. The compiler transforms this language into intermediate
representation with explicit pointers into input and output buffers
for packed data. The key compiler technologies include an effect
system for capturing traversal behavior, combined with an algorithm to
insert destination cursors. We evaluate our compiler on tree
transformations over a real-world dataset of source-code syntax trees.
For traversals touching the whole tree, such as maps and folds, packed
data allows speedups of over 2x compared to a highly-optimized
pointer-based baseline.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Michael Vollmer and Sarah Spall and Buddhika Chamith and Laith Sakka and Chaitanya Koparkar and Milind Kulkarni and Sam Tobin-Hochstadt and Ryan R. Newton},
  title =	{{Compiling Tree Transforms to Operate on Packed Representations}},
  booktitle =	{31st European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2017)},
  pages =	{26:1--26:29},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-035-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2017},
  volume =	{74},
  editor =	{Peter M{\"u}ller},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-72737},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ECOOP.2017.26},
  annote =	{Keywords: compiler optimization, program transformation, tree traversal}

Keywords: compiler optimization, program transformation, tree traversal
Collection: 31st European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2017)
Issue Date: 2017
Date of publication: 16.06.2017

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