License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC BY 3.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2018.50
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-95137
Go to the corresponding LIPIcs Volume Portal

Jelínek, Vít ; Opler, Michal ; Valtr, Pavel

Generalized Coloring of Permutations

LIPIcs-ESA-2018-50.pdf (0.5 MB)


A permutation pi is a merge of a permutation sigma and a permutation tau, if we can color the elements of pi red and blue so that the red elements have the same relative order as sigma and the blue ones as tau. We consider, for fixed hereditary permutation classes C and D, the complexity of determining whether a given permutation pi is a merge of an element of C with an element of D.
We develop general algorithmic approaches for identifying polynomially tractable cases of merge recognition. Our tools include a version of nondeterministic logspace streaming recognizability of permutations, which we introduce, and a concept of bounded width decomposition, inspired by the work of Ahal and Rabinovich.
As a consequence of the general results, we can provide nontrivial examples of tractable permutation merges involving commonly studied permutation classes, such as the class of layered permutations, the class of separable permutations, or the class of permutations avoiding a decreasing sequence of a given length.
On the negative side, we obtain a general hardness result which implies, for example, that it is NP-complete to recognize the permutations that can be merged from two subpermutations avoiding the pattern 2413.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{V{\'i}t Jel{\'i}nek and Michal Opler and Pavel Valtr},
  title =	{{Generalized Coloring of Permutations}},
  booktitle =	{26th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2018)},
  pages =	{50:1--50:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-081-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{112},
  editor =	{Yossi Azar and Hannah Bast and Grzegorz Herman},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-95137},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2018.50},
  annote =	{Keywords: Permutations, merge, generalized coloring}

Keywords: Permutations, merge, generalized coloring
Collection: 26th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2018)
Issue Date: 2018
Date of publication: 14.08.2018

DROPS-Home | Fulltext Search | Imprint | Privacy Published by LZI