License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC BY 3.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2018.17
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-99655
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Björklund, Andreas ; Husfeldt, Thore ; Kaski, Petteri ; Koivisto, Mikko

Counting Connected Subgraphs with Maximum-Degree-Aware Sieving

LIPIcs-ISAAC-2018-17.pdf (0.4 MB)


We study the problem of counting the isomorphic occurrences of a k-vertex pattern graph P as a subgraph in an n-vertex host graph G. Our specific interest is on algorithms for subgraph counting that are sensitive to the maximum degree Delta of the host graph.
Assuming that the pattern graph P is connected and admits a vertex balancer of size b, we present an algorithm that counts the occurrences of P in G in O ((2 Delta-2)^{(k+b)/2} 2^{-b} n/(Delta) k^2 log n) time. We define a balancer as a vertex separator of P that can be represented as an intersection of two equal-size vertex subsets, the union of which is the vertex set of P, and both of which induce connected subgraphs of P.
A corollary of our main result is that we can count the number of k-vertex paths in an n-vertex graph in O((2 Delta-2)^{floor[k/2]} n k^2 log n) time, which for all moderately dense graphs with Delta <= n^{1/3} improves on the recent breakthrough work of Curticapean, Dell, and Marx [STOC 2017], who show how to count the isomorphic occurrences of a q-edge pattern graph as a subgraph in an n-vertex host graph in time O(q^q n^{0.17q}) for all large enough q. Another recent result of Brand, Dell, and Husfeldt [STOC 2018] shows that k-vertex paths in a bounded-degree graph can be approximately counted in O(4^kn) time. Our result shows that the exact count can be recovered at least as fast for Delta<10.
Our algorithm is based on the principle of inclusion and exclusion, and can be viewed as a sparsity-sensitive version of the "counting in halves"-approach explored by Björklund, Husfeldt, Kaski, and Koivisto [ESA 2009].

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Andreas Bj{\"o}rklund and Thore Husfeldt and Petteri Kaski and Mikko Koivisto},
  title =	{{Counting Connected Subgraphs with Maximum-Degree-Aware Sieving}},
  booktitle =	{29th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation  (ISAAC 2018)},
  pages =	{17:1--17:12},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-094-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{123},
  editor =	{Wen-Lian Hsu and Der-Tsai Lee and Chung-Shou Liao},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-99655},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2018.17},
  annote =	{Keywords: graph embedding, k-path, subgraph counting, maximum degree}

Keywords: graph embedding, k-path, subgraph counting, maximum degree
Collection: 29th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2018)
Issue Date: 2018
Date of publication: 06.12.2018

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