License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2021.54
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-146359
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Junginger, Kolja ; Mantas, Ioannis ; Papadopoulou, Evanthia ; Suderland, Martin ; Yap, Chee

Certified Approximation Algorithms for the Fermat Point and n-Ellipses

LIPIcs-ESA-2021-54.pdf (4 MB)


Given a set A of n points in ℝ^d with weight function w: A→ℝ_{> 0}, the Fermat distance function is φ(x): = ∑_{a∈A}w(a)‖x-a‖. A classic problem in facility location dating back to 1643, is to find the Fermat point x*, the point that minimizes the function φ. We consider the problem of computing a point x̃* that is an ε-approximation of x* in the sense that ‖x̃*-x*‖<ε. The algorithmic literature has so far used a different notion based on ε-approximation of the value φ(x*). We devise a certified subdivision algorithm for computing x̃*, enhanced by Newton operator techniques. We also revisit the classic Weiszfeld-Kuhn iteration scheme for x*, turning it into an ε-approximate Fermat point algorithm. Our second problem is the certified construction of ε-isotopic approximations of n-ellipses. These are the level sets φ^{-1}(r) for r > φ(x*) and d = 2. Finally, all our planar (d = 2) algorithms are implemented in order to experimentally evaluate them, using both synthetic as well as real world datasets. These experiments show the practicality of our techniques.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Junginger, Kolja and Mantas, Ioannis and Papadopoulou, Evanthia and Suderland, Martin and Yap, Chee},
  title =	{{Certified Approximation Algorithms for the Fermat Point and n-Ellipses}},
  booktitle =	{29th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2021)},
  pages =	{54:1--54:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-204-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{204},
  editor =	{Mutzel, Petra and Pagh, Rasmus and Herman, Grzegorz},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-146359},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2021.54},
  annote =	{Keywords: Fermat point, n-ellipse, subdivision, approximation, certified, algorithms}

Keywords: Fermat point, n-ellipse, subdivision, approximation, certified, algorithms
Collection: 29th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2021)
Issue Date: 2021
Date of publication: 31.08.2021

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