License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/OASIcs.SLATE.2023.13
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-185273
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Alves, Júlio ; Costa Neto, Alvaro ; Pereira, Maria João Varanda ; Henriques, Pedro Rangel

Characterization and Identification of Programming Languages

OASIcs-SLATE-2023-13.pdf (0.5 MB)


This paper presents and discusses a research work whose main goal is to identify which characteristics influence the recognition and identification, by a programmer, of a programming language, specifically analysing a program source code and its linguistic style. In other words, the study that is described aims at answering the following questions: which grammatical elements - including lexical, syntactic, and semantic details - contribute the most for the characterization of a language? How many structural elements of a language may be modified without losing its identity? The long term objective of such research is to acquire new insights on the factors that can lead language engineers to design new programming languages that reduce the cognitive load of both learners and programmers. To elaborate on that subject, the paper starts with a brief explanation of programming languages fundamentals. Then, a list of the main syntactic characteristics of a set of programming languages, chosen for the study, is presented. Those characteristics outcome from the analysis we carried on at first phase of our project. To go deeper on the investigation we decided to collect and analyze the opinion of other programmers. So, the design of a survey to address that task is discussed. The answers obtained from the application of the questionnaire are analysed to present an overall picture of programming languages characteristics and their relative influence to their identification from the programmers’ perspective.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Alves, J\'{u}lio and Costa Neto, Alvaro and Pereira, Maria Jo\~{a}o Varanda and Henriques, Pedro Rangel},
  title =	{{Characterization and Identification of Programming Languages}},
  booktitle =	{12th Symposium on Languages, Applications and Technologies (SLATE 2023)},
  pages =	{13:1--13:13},
  series =	{Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-291-4},
  ISSN =	{2190-6807},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{113},
  editor =	{Sim\~{o}es, Alberto and Ber\'{o}n, Mario Marcelo and Portela, Filipe},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-185273},
  doi =		{10.4230/OASIcs.SLATE.2023.13},
  annote =	{Keywords: Programming Languages, Programming Language Characterization, Programming Language Design, Programming Language Identification}

Keywords: Programming Languages, Programming Language Characterization, Programming Language Design, Programming Language Identification
Collection: 12th Symposium on Languages, Applications and Technologies (SLATE 2023)
Issue Date: 2023
Date of publication: 15.08.2023

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