License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC BY 3.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/OASIcs.ATMOS.2018.4
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-97097
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Friedrich, Markus ; Müller-Hannemann, Matthias ; Rückert, Ralf ; Schiewe, Alexander ; Schöbel, Anita

Robustness as a Third Dimension for Evaluating Public Transport Plans

OASIcs-ATMOS-2018-4.pdf (1 MB)


Providing attractive and efficient public transport services is of crucial importance due to higher demands for mobility and the need to reduce air pollution and to save energy. The classical planning process in public transport tries to achieve a reasonable compromise between service quality for passengers and operating costs. Service quality mostly considers quantities like average travel time and number of transfers. Since daily public transport inevitably suffers from delays caused by random disturbances and disruptions, robustness also plays a crucial role.
While there are recent attempts to achieve delay-resistant timetables, comparably little work has been done to systematically assess and to compare the robustness of transport plans from a passenger point of view. We here provide a general and flexible framework for evaluating public transport plans (lines, timetables, and vehicle schedules) in various ways. It enables planners to explore several trade-offs between operating costs, service quality (average perceived travel time of passengers), and robustness against delays. For such an assessment we develop several passenger-oriented robustness tests which can be instantiated with parameterized delay scenarios. Important features of our framework include detailed passenger flow models, delay propagation schemes and disposition strategies, rerouting strategies as well as vehicle capacities.
To demonstrate possible use cases, our framework has been applied to a variety of public transport plans which have been created for the same given demand for an artificial urban grid network and to instances for long-distance train networks. As one application we study the impact of different strategies to improve the robustness of timetables by insertion of supplement times. We also show that the framework can be used to optimize waiting strategies in delay management.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Markus Friedrich and Matthias M{\"u}ller-Hannemann and Ralf R{\"u}ckert and Alexander Schiewe and Anita Sch{\"o}bel},
  title =	{{Robustness as a Third Dimension for Evaluating Public Transport Plans}},
  booktitle =	{18th Workshop on Algorithmic Approaches for Transportation  Modelling, Optimization, and Systems (ATMOS 2018)},
  pages =	{4:1--4:17},
  series =	{OpenAccess Series in Informatics (OASIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-096-5},
  ISSN =	{2190-6807},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{65},
  editor =	{Ralf Bornd{\"o}rfer and Sabine Storandt},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-97097},
  doi =		{10.4230/OASIcs.ATMOS.2018.4},
  annote =	{Keywords: robustness, timetabling, vehicle schedules, delays}

Keywords: robustness, timetabling, vehicle schedules, delays
Collection: 18th Workshop on Algorithmic Approaches for Transportation Modelling, Optimization, and Systems (ATMOS 2018)
Issue Date: 2018
Date of publication: 28.08.2018

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